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How to update profile image in Laravel using Ajax

  Hariom Prajapati
  20 Jun 2022
  Laravel
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How to update profile image in Laravel using Ajax

In this tutorial we will learn how to update profile image in laravel using ajax.

Step 1 – Install Laravel via composer. 

In the first step , we need to install the Laravel 8 project via composer. 

Simply run below command in your cmd terminal – 

composer create-project laravel/laravel laravel-ajax 

After installation, go to your project directory using the below command . 

cd laravel-ajax 

Now your Laravel 8 project is fully installed on your system .  

Step 2- Create routes 

Now we need to create routes in web.php file 

laravel-ajax\routes\web.php

use App\Http\Controllers\UserController;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Route; 

/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Web Routes
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| Here is where you can register web routes for your application. These
| routes are loaded by the RouteServiceProvider within a group which
| contains the "web" middleware group. Now create something great!
|
*/ 
Route::get('/',[UserController::class,'index'])->name('index');
Route::post('add-user',[UserController::class,'add_user'])->name('add-user');
Route::post('update-image',[UserController::class,'update_image'])->name('update-image');

Step 3 – Create Model

In this step, create User model. 

Run this below command in your terminal.

php artisan make:model User

 

 laravel-ajax\app\Models\User.php

<?php
namespace App\Models;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Factories\HasFactory;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;
class User extends Model
{
    use HasFactory;
    protected $fillable = [
        'name',
        'email',
        'profile',
        'password',
    ]; 
}

 

Step 4- Make controller 

You need to create a controller using the below command in cmd. 

php artisan make:controller UserController

 

laravel-ajax\ app\ Http\ Controllers\ UserController.php

<?php 
namespace App\Http\Controllers; 
use App\Models\User;
use Illuminate\Http\Request; 
class UserController extends Controller
{ 
    public function index(){
        $users = User::all();
        return view('index',compact('users'));
    } 
    public function add_user(Request $request){
        $img_name = 'img_'.time().'.'.$request->profile->getClientOriginalExtension();
        $request->profile->move(public_path('img/'), $img_name);
        $imagePath = 'img/'.$img_name; 
        $data = [
            'name'=>$request->name,
            'profile'=>$imagePath,
            'email'=>$request->email,
            'password'=>$request->password,
        ]; 
        $add = User::create($data); 
        if($add){
            $response['success'] = true;
            $response['message'] = 'Success! Record Added Successfully.';
        }else{
            $response['success'] = false;
            $response['message'] = 'Error! Record Not Added.';
        }
        return $response; 
    } 
    public function update_image(Request $request){
        $img_name = 'img_'.time().'.'.$request->profile->getClientOriginalExtension();
        $request->profile->move(public_path('img/'), $img_name);
        $imagePath = 'img/'.$img_name;
        $data = [
            'profile'=>$imagePath,
        ]; 
        $update = User::find($request->user_id)->update($data); 
        if($update){
            $response['success'] = true;
            $response['message'] = 'Success! Record Updated Successfully.';
        }else{
            $response['success'] = false;
            $response['message'] = 'Error! Record Not Updated.';
        }
        return $response;
    }
}

 

Step 5- Create blade file

In this step create index.blade.php file

 

laravel-ajax\ resources\ views\ index.blade.php

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1, shrink-to-fit=no">
    <meta name="csrf-token" content="{{ csrf_token() }}">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/css/bootstrap.min.css"
        integrity="sha384-Gn5384xqQ1aoWXA+058RXPxPg6fy4IWvTNh0E263XmFcJlSAwiGgFAW/dAiS6JXm" crossorigin="anonymous">
    <title>Laravel-ajax</title>
    <style>
        body {
            background: rgb(174, 182, 255);
        }

        .profileImg img {
            height: 150px;
            max-width: 200px;

        }
    </style>
</head>

<body>

    <div class="container mt-5 bg-white pb-3">
        <div class="row bg-white">
            <div class="col px-4 py-3">
                <div class="row">
                    <div class="col-md-9">
                        <h3 class="">Laravel-Ajax Image Upload Example</h3>
                    </div>
                    <div class="col-md-3 ">
                        <button class="btn btn-success float-md-right" data-toggle="modal"
                            data-target="#exampleModalCenter">Add New User</button>
                    </div>
                </div>
                <hr>
            </div>
        </div>
        <div class="">
            <div class="alert alert-danger" role="alert" id="failedMessage" style="display: none"></div>
            <div class="alert alert-success" role="alert" id="successMessage" style="display: none"></div>
        </div>
        <div class="row pr-md-5">
            @if (count($users) > 0)
            <div class="col-md-4">
                <div class="list-group" id="list-tab" role="tablist">
                    @foreach ($users as $key=>$user)
                    <a class="list-group-item list-group-item-action {{ $key ? '':'active' }}" id="list-{{ $key }}-list"
                        data-toggle="list" href="#list-{{ $key }}" user_id="{{ $user->id }}" role="tab"
                        aria-controls="{{ $key }}">{{ $user->name }}</a>
                    @endforeach
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="col-md-8">
                <div class="tab-content" id="nav-tabContent">
                    @foreach ($users as $key=>$user)
                    <div class="tab-pane fade show {{$key ? '':'active'}}" id="list-{{ $key }}" role="tabpanel"
                        aria-labelledby="list-{{ $key }}-list">
                        <div class="">
                            <h5>User Detail</h5>
                            <hr>
                            <div class="row">
                                <div class="col-md-4">
                                    <div class="profileImg ">
                                        <img class="border p-2" src="{{ asset($user->profile) }}" alt="profile image">
                                        <input type="file" id="updateImage" hidden>
                                        <br>
                                        <button class="btn btn-primary mt-3"><label for="updateImage">Update
                                                Image</label></button>
                                    </div>
                                </div>
                                <div class="col-md-8">
                                    <label for="">Full Name :</label><br>
                                    <input type="text" class="form-control" disabled value="{{ $user->name }}">
                                    <label for="">Email Address :</label><br>
                                    <input type="text" class="form-control" disabled value="{{ $user->email }}">
                                    <label for="">Password :</label><br>
                                    <input type="text" class="form-control" disabled value="{{ $user->password }}">
                                </div>
                            </div>
                        </div>
                    </div>
                    @endforeach
                </div>
            </div>
            @else
            <div class="col">
                <p class="text-center">Oops! Record Not Found.</p>
            </div>
            @endif
        </div>
    </div>


    <!-- Modal -->
    <div class="modal fade" id="exampleModalCenter" tabindex="-1" role="dialog"
        aria-labelledby="exampleModalCenterTitle" aria-hidden="true">
        <div class="modal-dialog modal-dialog-centered" role="document">
            <div class="modal-content">
                <div class="modal-header">
                    <h5 class="modal-title" id="exampleModalLongTitle">Enter User Detail</h5>
                    <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="modal" aria-label="Close">
                        <span aria-hidden="true">&times;</span>
                    </button>
                </div>
                <div class="modal-body">
                    <form method="POST" id="addNewUser" enctype="multipart/form-data">
                        @csrf
                        <div class="form-group">
                            <label for="fullname">Full Name</label>
                            <input type="text" class="form-control" name="" id="fullname" placeholder="Enter full name">
                        </div>
                        <div class="form-group">
                            <label for="email">Email address</label>
                            <input type="email" name="email" class="form-control" id="email"
                                aria-describedby="emailHelp" placeholder="Enter email">
                        </div>
                        <div class="form-group">
                            <label for="password">Password</label>
                            <input type="password" name="password" class="form-control" id="password"
                                placeholder="Password">
                        </div>
                        <div class="form-group">
                            <label for="file">Example file input</label>
                            <input type="file" name="profile" accept="image/*" class="form-control-file" id="file">
                        </div>
                        <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Submit</button>
                    </form>
                </div>
                <div class="modal-footer">
                    <button type="button" class="btn btn-secondary" data-dismiss="modal">Close</button>
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
    @php
    if(count($users) > 0){
    $user_id = $users[0]->id;
    }else{
    $user_id = '';
    }
    @endphp
    <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.5.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
    <script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.5.1.min.js"></script>
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/popper.js/1.12.9/umd/popper.min.js"
        integrity="sha384-ApNbgh9B+Y1QKtv3Rn7W3mgPxhU9K/ScQsAP7hUibX39j7fakFPskvXusvfa0b4Q" crossorigin="anonymous">
    </script>
    <script src="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/js/bootstrap.min.js"
        integrity="sha384-JZR6Spejh4U02d8jOt6vLEHfe/JQGiRRSQQxSfFWpi1MquVdAyjUar5+76PVCmYl" crossorigin="anonymous">
    </script>

    <script>
        $(document).ready(function () {
            $.ajaxSetup({
                headers: {
                    'X-CSRF-TOKEN': $('meta[name="csrf-token"]').attr('content')
                }
            });
        });

        let profile;
        const user_id = "{{ $user_id }}";

        $('#file').change(function (e) {
            profile = e.target.files[0];
        })
        $('#updateImage').change(function (e) {
            profile = e.target.files[0];
            var formData = new FormData();
            formData.append('profile', profile);
            formData.append('user_id', user_id);
            $.ajax({
                cache: false,
                contentType: false,
                processData: false,
                type: 'post',
                data: formData,
                url: "{{ route('update-image') }}",
                success: function (response) {
                    if (response.success) {
                        $('#successMessage').show();
                        $('#successMessage').text(response.message);
                    } else {
                        $('#failedMessage').show();
                        $('#failedMessage').text(response.message);
                    }
                    setTimeout(() => {
                        location.reload();
                    }, 2000);
                }
            });

        });

        $('#addNewUser').submit(function (e) {
            e.preventDefault();
            var name = $('#fullname').val();
            var email = $('#email').val();
            var password = $('#password').val();

            var formData = new FormData();
            formData.append('profile', profile);
            formData.append('name', name);
            formData.append('email', email);
            formData.append('password', password);

            $.ajax({
                cache: false,
                contentType: false,
                processData: false,
                type: 'post',
                data: formData,
                url: "{{ route('add-user') }}",
                success: function (response) {
                    $('#exampleModalCenter').modal('hide');
                    if (response.success) {
                        $('#successMessage').show();
                        $('#successMessage').text(response.message);
                    } else {
                        $('#failedMessage').show();
                        $('#failedMessage').text(response.message);
                    }
                    setTimeout(() => {
                        location.reload();
                    }, 2000);
                }
            });
        })
        $('.list-group-item-action').click(function () {
            user_id = $(this).attr('user_id');
        });
    </script>
</body>

</html>

 

Step 6- Create users table  

In this step you can create a users table using migration or directly from your database. 

laravel

 

Here is the schema for the users migration table .

Schema::create('users', function (Blueprint $table) {
            $table->id();
            $table->string('name');
            $table->string('email')->unique();
            $table->string('profile')->nullable();
            $table->string('password');
            $table->timestamps();
        });

 

Step 7 – Run php artisan serve

Laravel

 

Output-

laravel

 

laravel

 

laravel