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Introduction to HTML

teknowize

Introduction to HTML

What is HTML?

Html is a hyper text markup language. which is use to create structure of web page.

Hyper text markup language

  • The full form of HTML is hypertext markup language .
  • It is the language which is used to create web pages.
  • < > are use in HTML , so it is called markup language.
  • Hypertext or hyperlink means two or more page are linked together.
  • Always need to close the open tag.

          <…> : open tag

          </…> : close tag

  • The HTML file must be save with .html extension.
  • Html code not affected by two or more space, it always takes only one space.

 

Structure of HTML

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <title>Title here</title>
</head>

<body>
    Page content goes here.
</body>

</html>

 

1) HTML <!DOCTYPE> declaration

All the HTML5 file definitely start with this declaration.

It provides "information" to the browser of the version of the HTML5 document.

 

Syntax -

<!DOCTYPE html>

 

2) HTML head tag  

Head tag are use to contain all the head element in the html file. 

In this what ever we written will not show in website.

It contain -

  • <title> (required in every HTML document)
  • <style>
  • <base>
  • <link>
  • <meta>
  • <script>

 

Syntax -

<head> </head>

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
        <title>Teknowize</title>
    This is my head
</head>
<body>    

</body>
</html>

 

3) HTML body tag 

It use to define the body of HTML document. it contain image ,tables, list, ….. (all HTML tags) etc.

 

Syntax -

<body> </body>

 

For example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
        <title>Teknowize</title>
</head>
<body>
    This is my body
</body>
</html>

 

Output

html body tag

4) HTML title tag  

It is use to change the name of path into tag.

it must be written in head tag.

 

Syntax -

<title> </title>

 

For example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <title> This is my title </title>
</head>
<body>

</body>
</html>

 

Output

html title tag

HTML 5