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How to use Sanctum in Laravel

writter  Sumit Dey Sarkar
Date  21 Mar 2023
Language  Laravel
How to use Sanctum in Laravel

How to use Sanctum in Laravel

In this tutorial we will learn how to use sanctum in Laravel.

Sanctum is a Laravel package which provides a  easy-to-use and lightweight authentication system for single-page applications (SPAs), mobile applications, and simple, token-based APIs. Sanctum uses Laravel's built-in authentication system and adds a simple, token-based authentication layer on top of it.


How to use sanctum in Laravel

To use Sanctum in Laravel, follow these steps:


Step 1 - Install sanctum package

composer require laravel/sanctum


Step 2 - Run the migrations for Sanctum:

php artisan migrate


Step 3 - Publish Sanctum's configuration file:

php artisan vendor:publish --provider="Laravel\Sanctum\SanctumServiceProvider"


Step 4 - Configure your API to use Sanctum's middleware by adding the `api` middleware group to your API routes in the `routes/api.php` file:

Route::middleware('auth:sanctum')->group(function () {
    // Your API routes here


Step 5 - In your config/auth.php file, add `sanctum` as a driver for your API guard:

'guards' => [
    'api' => [
        'driver' => 'sanctum',
        'provider' => 'users',
        'hash' => false,


Step 6 - Create an authentication token for your user:

$token = $user->createToken('token-name')->plainTextToken;


Step 7 - Use the token to authenticate API requests:

$response = $client->request('GET', '/api/user', [
    'headers' => [
        'Authorization' => 'Bearer '.$token,


That's it! Now you can use Sanctum to authenticate API requests in your Laravel application.

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