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Laravel CRUD Operation Using Ajax and Jquery

  Hariom Prajapati
  24 Jun 2022
  Laravel
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Laravel CRUD Operation Using Ajax and Jquery

In this tutorial we will learn how to perform Laravel CRUD operation using Ajax and Jquery with example.

Here we are taking example of a Employee Management application, this application perform all Laravel CRUD operation without refreshing the page using AjaxJquery and Bootstrap 4 modal.

crud

 

Step 1 – Install Laravel via composer.

In first step , we need to install Laravel 8 project via composer.

Simply run below command in your cmd terminal –

composer create-project laravel/laravel Laravel_ajax

After installation, go to your project directory using below command .

cd Laravel_ajax

Now your Laravel 8 project in full installed on your system .

 

Step 2- Create routes

Now we need to create routes in web.php file

 

C:\laravel_Ajax\routes\web.php

<?php

use App\Http\Controllers\EmployeeController;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Route;
/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Web Routes
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| Here is where you can register web routes for your application. These
| routes are loaded by the RouteServiceProvider within a group which
| contains the "web" middleware group. Now create something great!
|
*/
Route::get('/', function () {
    return view('employee');
});
Route::post('employee-add', [EmployeeController::class, 'employee_add']);
Route::get('employee-view', [EmployeeController::class, 'employee_view']);
Route::get('employee-delete', [EmployeeController::class, 'employee_delete']);
Route::post('employee-edit', [EmployeeController::class, 'employee_edit']);
Route::get('employee-list', [EmployeeController::class, 'employee_list']);

  

 

Step 3- Make controller

You need to create controller using below command in cmd.

php artisan make:controller EmployeeController

 

app\Http\Controllers\EmployeeController.php

<?php
namespace App\Http\Controllers;
use App\Models\Employee;
use Illuminate\Http\Request;
class EmployeeController extends Controller
{
    function employee_add(Request $request){
        $insert = [
            'name' => $request->name,
            'email'=> $request->email,
            'phone' => $request->phone,
            'address' => $request->address,
        ];
        $add = Employee::create($insert);
        if($add){
            $response = [
                'status'=>'ok',
                'success'=>true,
                'message'=>'Record created succesfully!'
            ];
            return $response;
        }else{
            $response = [
                'status'=>'ok',
                'success'=>false,
                'message'=>'Record created failed!'
            ];
            return $response;
        }
    } 

    function employee_view(Request $request){
        return Employee::find($request->id);
    } 

    function employee_delete(Request $request){
        $delete =  Employee::destroy($request->id);
        if($delete){
            $response = [
                'status'=>'ok',
                'success'=>true,
                'message'=>'Record deleted succesfully!'
            ];
            return $response;
        }else{
            $response = [
                'status'=>'ok',
                'success'=>false,
                'message'=>'Record deleted failed!'
            ];
            return $response;
        }
    } 

    function employee_edit(Request $request){
        $update = [
            'name' => $request->name,
            'email'=> $request->email,
            'phone' => $request->phone,
            'address' => $request->address,
        ];
        $edit = Employee::where('id', $request->employee_id)->update($update);
        if($edit){
            $response = [
                'status'=>'ok',
                'success'=>true,
                'message'=>'Record updated succesfully!'
            ];
            return $response;
        }else{
            $response = [
                'status'=>'ok',
                'success'=>false,
                'message'=>'Record updated failed!'
            ];
            return $response;
        }
    } 

    function employee_list(){
        return Employee::all();
    }
} 

 

Step 4- Create employees table 

In this step you can create a employees table using migration or directly from your database. 

crud

 

Step 5- Make Employee Model

Now make employee model using below command in cmd.

Php artisan make:model Employee

 

app\Models\Employee.php

<?php
namespace App\Models;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Factories\HasFactory;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;
class Employee extends Model
{
    use HasFactory;
    protected $fillable =['name', 'email', 'phone', 'address'];
}

 

Step 6 – Create blade file.

In this step, we need to create a blade file .

Go to resourse/view folder then make a employee.blade.php file.

 

resourse/view/employee.blade.php

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1, shrink-to-fit=no">
    <title>Laravel Ajax CRUD Data Table for Database with Modal Form</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Roboto|Varela+Round">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.5.0/css/bootstrap.min.css">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://fonts.googleapis.com/icon?family=Material+Icons">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/font-awesome/4.7.0/css/font-awesome.min.css">
    <script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.5.1.min.js"></script>
    <script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/popper.js@1.16.0/dist/umd/popper.min.js"></script>
    <script src="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.5.0/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
    <style>
        body {
            color: #566787;
            background: #f5f5f5;
            font-family: 'Varela Round', sans-serif;
            font-size: 13px;
        }

        .table-responsive {
            margin: 30px 0;
        }

        .table-wrapper {
            background: #fff;
            padding: 20px 25px;
            border-radius: 3px;
            min-width: 1000px;
            box-shadow: 0 1px 1px rgba(0, 0, 0, .05);
        }

        .table-title {
            padding-bottom: 15px;
            background: #435d7d;
            color: #fff;
            padding: 16px 30px;
            min-width: 100%;
            margin: -20px -25px 10px;
            border-radius: 3px 3px 0 0;
        }

        .table-title h2 {
            margin: 5px 0 0;
            font-size: 24px;
        }

        .table-title .btn-group {
            float: right;
        }

        .table-title .btn {
            color: #fff;
            float: right;
            font-size: 13px;
            border: none;
            min-width: 50px;
            border-radius: 2px;
            border: none;
            outline: none !important;
            margin-left: 10px;
        }

        .table-title .btn i {
            float: left;
            font-size: 21px;
            margin-right: 5px;
        }

        .table-title .btn span {
            float: left;
            margin-top: 2px;
        }

        table.table tr th,
        table.table tr td {
            border-color: #e9e9e9;
            padding: 12px 15px;
            vertical-align: middle;
        }

        table.table tr th:first-child {
            width: 60px;
        }

        table.table tr th:last-child {
            width: 100px;
        }

        table.table-striped tbody tr:nth-of-type(odd) {
            background-color: #fcfcfc;
        }

        table.table-striped.table-hover tbody tr:hover {
            background: #f5f5f5;
        }

        table.table th i {
            font-size: 13px;
            margin: 0 5px;
            cursor: pointer;
        }

        table.table td:last-child i {
            opacity: 0.9;
            font-size: 22px;
            margin: 0 5px;
        }

        table.table td a {
            font-weight: bold;
            color: #566787;
            display: inline-block;
            text-decoration: none;
            outline: none !important;
        }

        table.table td a:hover {
            color: #2196F3;
        }

        table.table td a.edit {
            color: #FFC107;
        }

        table.table td a.delete {
            color: #F44336;
        }

        table.table td i {
            font-size: 19px;
        }

        table.table .avatar {
            border-radius: 50%;
            vertical-align: middle;
            margin-right: 10px;
        }

        /* Modal styles */
        .modal .modal-dialog {
            max-width: 400px;
        }

        .modal .modal-header,
        .modal .modal-body,
        .modal .modal-footer {
            padding: 20px 30px;
        }

        .modal .modal-content {
            border-radius: 3px;
            font-size: 14px;
        }

        .modal .modal-footer {
            background: #ecf0f1;
            border-radius: 0 0 3px 3px;
        }

        .modal .modal-title {
            display: inline-block;
        }

        .modal .form-control {
            border-radius: 2px;
            box-shadow: none;
            border-color: #dddddd;
        }

        .modal textarea.form-control {
            resize: vertical;
        }

        .modal .btn {
            border-radius: 2px;
            min-width: 100px;
        }

        .modal form label {
            font-weight: normal;
        }

        .loading {
            color: black;
            font: 300 2em/100% Impact;
            text-align: center;
        }

        /* loading dots */

        .loading:after {
            content: ' .';
            animation: dots 1s steps(5, end) infinite;
        }

        @keyframes dots {

            0%,
            20% {
                color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0);
                text-shadow:
                    .25em 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, 0),
                    .5em 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, 0);
            }

            40% {
                color: black;
                text-shadow:
                    .25em 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, 0),
                    .5em 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, 0);
            }

            60% {
                text-shadow:
                    .25em 0 0 black,
                    .5em 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, 0);
            }

            80%,
            100% {
                text-shadow:
                    .25em 0 0 black,
                    .5em 0 0 black;
            }
        }
    </style>
</head>

<body>
    <div class="container-xl">
        <div class="table-responsive">
            <div class="table-wrapper">
                <div class="table-title">
                    <div class="bg-light p-2 m-2">
                        <h5 class="text-dark text-center">Larave Ajax CRUD operation</h5>
                    </div>
                    <div class="row">
                        <div class="col-sm-6">
                            <h2>Manage <b>Employees</b></h2>
                        </div>
                        <div class="col-sm-6">
                            <a href="#addEmployeeModal" class="btn btn-success" data-toggle="modal"><i class="material-icons">&#xE147;</i> <span>Add New Employee</span></a>
                        </div>
                    </div>
                </div>
                <table class="table table-striped table-hover">
                    <thead>
                        <tr>
                            <th>Id</th>
                            <th>Name</th>
                            <th>Email</th>
                            <th>Address</th>
                            <th>Phone</th>
                            <th>Actions</th>
                        </tr>
                    </thead>
                    <tbody id="employee_data">
                    </tbody>
                </table>
                <p class="loading">Loading Data</p>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
    <!-- Edit Modal HTML -->
    <div id="addEmployeeModal" class="modal fade">
        <div class="modal-dialog">
            <div class="modal-content">
                <div class="modal-header">
                    <h4 class="modal-title">Add Employee</h4>
                    <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="modal" aria-hidden="true">&times;</button>
                </div>
                <div class="modal-body add_epmployee">
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <label>Name</label>
                        <input type="text" id="name_input" class="form-control" required>
                    </div>
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <label>Email</label>
                        <input type="email" id="email_input" class="form-control" required>
                    </div>
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <label>Address</label>
                        <textarea class="form-control" id="address_input" required></textarea>
                    </div>
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <label>Phone</label>
                        <input type="text" id="phone_input" class="form-control" required>
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div class="modal-footer">
                    <input type="button" class="btn btn-default" data-dismiss="modal" value="Cancel">
                    <input type="submit" class="btn btn-success" value="Add" onclick="addEmployee()">
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
    <!-- Edit Modal HTML -->
    <div id="editEmployeeModal" class="modal fade">
        <div class="modal-dialog">
            <div class="modal-content">
                <div class="modal-header">
                    <h4 class="modal-title">Edit Employee</h4>
                    <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="modal" aria-hidden="true">&times;</button>
                </div>
                <div class="modal-body edit_employee">
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <label>Name</label>
                        <input type="text" id="name_input" class="form-control" required>
                    </div>
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <label>Email</label>
                        <input type="email" id="email_input" class="form-control" required>
                    </div>
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <label>Address</label>
                        <textarea class="form-control" id="address_input" required></textarea>
                    </div>
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <label>Phone</label>
                        <input type="text" id="phone_input" class="form-control" required>
                        <input type="hidden" id="employee_id" class="form-control" required>
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div class="modal-footer">
                    <input type="button" class="btn btn-default" data-dismiss="modal" value="Cancel">
                    <input type="submit" class="btn btn-info" onclick="editEmployee()" value="Save">
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>

    <!-- View Modal HTML -->
    <div id="viewEmployeeModal" class="modal fade">
        <div class="modal-dialog">
            <div class="modal-content">
                <div class="modal-header">
                    <h4 class="modal-title">View Employee</h4>
                    <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="modal" aria-hidden="true">&times;</button>
                </div>
                <div class="modal-body view_employee">
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <label>Name</label>
                        <input type="text" id="name_input" class="form-control" readonly>
                    </div>
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <label>Email</label>
                        <input type="email" id="email_input" class="form-control" readonly>
                    </div>
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <label>Address</label>
                        <textarea class="form-control" id="address_input" readonly></textarea>
                    </div>
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <label>Phone</label>
                        <input type="text" id="phone_input" class="form-control" readonly>
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div class="modal-footer">
                    <input type="button" class="btn btn-default" data-dismiss="modal" value="Close">
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>

    <!-- Delete Modal HTML -->
    <div id="deleteEmployeeModal" class="modal fade">
        <div class="modal-dialog">
            <div class="modal-content">
                <div class="modal-header">
                    <h4 class="modal-title">Delete Employee</h4>
                    <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="modal" aria-hidden="true">&times;</button>
                </div>
                <div class="modal-body">
                    <p>Are you sure you want to delete these Records?</p>
                    <p class="text-warning"><small>This action cannot be undone.</small></p>
                </div>
                <input type="hidden" id="delete_id">
                <div class="modal-footer">
                    <input type="button" class="btn btn-default" data-dismiss="modal" value="Cancel">
                    <input type="submit" class="btn btn-danger" onclick="deleteEmployee()" value="Delete">
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>

    <script>

    </script>
    <script>
        $(document).ready(function() {
            employeeList();

        });

        function employeeList() {
            $.ajax({
                type: 'get',
                url: "{{ url('employee-list') }}",
                success: function(response) {
                    console.log(response);
                    var tr = '';
                    for (var i = 0; i < response.length; i++) {
                        var id = response[i].id;
                        var name = response[i].name;
                        var email = response[i].email;
                        var phone = response[i].phone;
                        var address = response[i].address;
                        tr += '<tr>';
                        tr += '<td>' + id + '</td>';
                        tr += '<td>' + name + '</td>';
                        tr += '<td>' + email + '</td>';
                        tr += '<td>' + phone + '</td>';
                        tr += '<td>' + address + '</td>';
                        tr += '<td><div class="d-flex">';
                        tr +=
                            '<a href="#viewEmployeeModal" class="m-1 view" data-toggle="modal" onclick=viewEmployee("' +
                            id + '")><i class="fa" data-toggle="tooltip" title="view">&#xf06e;</i></a>';
                        tr +=
                            '<a href="#editEmployeeModal" class="m-1 edit" data-toggle="modal" onclick=viewEmployee("' +
                            id +
                            '")><i class="material-icons" data-toggle="tooltip" title="Edit">&#xE254;</i></a>';
                        tr +=
                            '<a href="#deleteEmployeeModal" class="m-1 delete" data-toggle="modal" onclick=$("#delete_id").val("' +
                            id +
                            '")><i class="material-icons" data-toggle="tooltip" title="Delete">&#xE872;</i></a>';
                        tr += '</div></td>';
                        tr += '</tr>';
                    }
                    $('.loading').hide();
                    $('#employee_data').html(tr);
                }
            });
        }

        function addEmployee() {
            var name = $('.add_epmployee #name_input').val();
            var email = $('.add_epmployee #email_input').val();
            var phone = $('.add_epmployee #phone_input').val();
            var address = $('.add_epmployee #address_input').val();

            $.ajax({
                type: 'post',
                data: {
                    name: name,
                    email: email,
                    phone: phone,
                    address: address,
                    _token: "{{ csrf_token() }}"
                },
                url: "{{ url('employee-add') }}",
                success: function(response) {
                    $('#addEmployeeModal').modal('hide');
                    employeeList();
                    alert(response.message);
                }

            })
        }

        function editEmployee() {
            var name = $('.edit_employee #name_input').val();
            var email = $('.edit_employee #email_input').val();
            var phone = $('.edit_employee #phone_input').val();
            var address = $('.edit_employee #address_input').val();
            var employee_id = $('.edit_employee #employee_id').val();

            $.ajax({
                type: 'post',
                data: {
                    name: name,
                    email: email,
                    phone: phone,
                    address: address,
                    employee_id: employee_id,
                    _token: "{{ csrf_token() }}"
                },
                url: "{{ url('employee-edit') }}",
                success: function(response) {
                    $('#editEmployeeModal').modal('hide');
                    employeeList();
                    alert(response.message);
                }

            })
        }

        function viewEmployee(id = 2) {
            $.ajax({
                type: 'get',
                data: {
                    id: id,
                },
                url: "{{ url('employee-view') }}",
                success: function(response) {
                    console.log(response);
                    $('.edit_employee #name_input').val(response.name);
                    $('.edit_employee #email_input').val(response.email);
                    $('.edit_employee #phone_input').val(response.phone);
                    $('.edit_employee #address_input').val(response.address);
                    $('.edit_employee #employee_id').val(response.id);
                    $('.view_employee #name_input').val(response.name);
                    $('.view_employee #email_input').val(response.email);
                    $('.view_employee #phone_input').val(response.phone);
                    $('.view_employee #address_input').val(response.address);
                }
            })
        }

        function deleteEmployee() {
            var id = $('#delete_id').val();
            $('#deleteEmployeeModal').modal('hide');
            $.ajax({
                type: 'get',
                data: {
                    id: id,
                },
                url: "{{ url('employee-delete') }}",
                success: function(response) {
                    employeeList();
                    alert(response.message);
                }
            })
        }
    </script>

</body>

</html>

 

Step 7– Run php artisan serve

crud

 

Result -

 

Add employee

crud

 

View employee

crud

 

Edit Employee

crud

 

Delete Employee

crud