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Laravel 8 CRUD operation using DB

  Hariom Prajapati
  03 Jul 2022
  Laravel
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Laravel 8 CRUD operation using DB

In this article we will learn crud operation using DB in Laravel 8 with separate routes.

 

Step 1- Database configuration 

Make a connection with database .

Go to  .env file and set database.

DB_CONNECTION=mysql
DB_HOST=127.0.0.1
DB_PORT=3306
DB_DATABASE=laravel_curd
DB_USERNAME=root
DB_PASSWORD= 

 

Step 2-  In database you need to create user table 

 

Step 3- Now Create blade files

Go to resources/views and  create  new files like below

  1. create_user.blade.php
  2. list_user.blade.php
  3. view_user.blade.php
  4. edit_user.blade.php  

 

resources /views /create_user.blade.php

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="ie=edge">
    <title>laravel crud</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/css/bootstrap.min.css" integrity="sha384-Gn5384xqQ1aoWXA+058RXPxPg6fy4IWvTNh0E263XmFcJlSAwiGgFAW/dAiS6JXm" crossorigin="anonymous">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/font-awesome/6.0.0-beta2/css/all.min.css" integrity="sha512-YWzhKL2whUzgiheMoBFwW8CKV4qpHQAEuvilg9FAn5VJUDwKZZxkJNuGM4XkWuk94WCrrwslk8yWNGmY1EduTA==" crossorigin="anonymous" referrerpolicy="no-referrer" />
    <script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.2.1.slim.min.js" integrity="sha384-KJ3o2DKtIkvYIK3UENzmM7KCkRr/rE9/Qpg6aAZGJwFDMVNA/GpGFF93hXpG5KkN" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/popper.js/1.12.9/umd/popper.min.js" integrity="sha384-ApNbgh9B+Y1QKtv3Rn7W3mgPxhU9K/ScQsAP7hUibX39j7fakFPskvXusvfa0b4Q" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
    <script src="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/js/bootstrap.min.js" integrity="sha384-JZR6Spejh4U02d8jOt6vLEHfe/JQGiRRSQQxSfFWpi1MquVdAyjUar5+76PVCmYl" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
    <style>
        label {
            font-weight: 600;
        }
    </style>
</head>

<body>
    <div class="d-flex justify-content-center p-2 m-2">
        <div class="card p-2 w-50">

            <div class="d-flex justify-content-between">
                <div class="">
                    <h3>Create User</h3>
                </div>
                <div class="">
                    <a href="{{ url('users_list') }}"><button class="btn btn-primary"><i class="fa fa-list"></i> User
                            List</button></a>
                </div>
            </div>
            <hr class="my-1">
            <form action="{{ url('create_user_data') }}" method="post">
                @csrf
                <div class="row">
                    <div class="col">
                        <label for="">Name</label>
                        <input type="text" name="name" class="form-control" placeholder="Enter name here..">
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div class="row">
                    <div class="col">
                        <label for="">Email Id</label>
                        <input type="email" name="email" class="form-control" placeholder="Enter email here..">
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div class="row">
                    <div class="col">
                        <label for="">Passowrd</label>
                        <input type="password" name="password" class="form-control" placeholder="Enter passowrd here..">
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div class="my-2">
                    <button type="submit" class="btn btn-success w-100">Submit</button>
                </div>
            </form>
        </div>
    </div>
</body>

</html>

 

resources /views /list_user.blade.php

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="ie=edge">
    <title>Document</title>   <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/css/bootstrap.min.css" integrity="sha384-Gn5384xqQ1aoWXA+058RXPxPg6fy4IWvTNh0E263XmFcJlSAwiGgFAW/dAiS6JXm" crossorigin="anonymous">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/font-awesome/6.0.0-beta2/css/all.min.css" integrity="sha512-YWzhKL2whUzgiheMoBFwW8CKV4qpHQAEuvilg9FAn5VJUDwKZZxkJNuGM4XkWuk94WCrrwslk8yWNGmY1EduTA==" crossorigin="anonymous" referrerpolicy="no-referrer" />
    <script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.2.1.slim.min.js" integrity="sha384-KJ3o2DKtIkvYIK3UENzmM7KCkRr/rE9/Qpg6aAZGJwFDMVNA/GpGFF93hXpG5KkN" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>   <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/popper.js/1.12.9/umd/popper.min.js" integrity="sha384-ApNbgh9B+Y1QKtv3Rn7W3mgPxhU9K/ScQsAP7hUibX39j7fakFPskvXusvfa0b4Q" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>   <script src="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/js/bootstrap.min.js" integrity="sha384-JZR6Spejh4U02d8jOt6vLEHfe/JQGiRRSQQxSfFWpi1MquVdAyjUar5+76PVCmYl" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
</head>

<body>
    <div class="d-flex justify-content-center p-2 m-2">
        <div class="card p-2 w-50">
            <div class="d-flex justify-content-between">
                <div class="">
                    <h3>Users List</h3>
                </div>
                <div class="">
                    <a href="{{ url('create_user') }}"><button class="btn btn-primary"><i class="fa fa-plus"></i> New
                            User</button></a>
                </div>
            </div>
            <hr class="my-1">
            <div class="">
                @if (\Session::has('msg'))
                <div class="text-success  text-center ">
                    <h6 style=" text-align:center !important;"><b>Success! </b>{!! \Session::get('msg') !!}</h6>
                </div>
                @endif
                <table class="table table-bordered ">
                    <thead>
                        <tr>
                            <th>#</th>
                            <th>Name</th>
                            <th>Email</th>
                            <th>Action</th>
                        </tr>
                    </thead>
                    <tbody>
                        @foreach ($users as $user)
                        <tr>
                            <td>{{ $loop->iteration }}</td>
                            <td>{{ $user->name }}</td>
                            <td>{{ $user->email }}</td>
                            <td>
                                <a href="{{ url('view_user') }}/{{ $user->id }}"><i
                                        class="fa fa-eye text-success"></i></a>
                                <a href="{{ url('edit_user') }}/{{ $user->id }}"><i
                                        class="fa fa-edit text-primary"></i></a>
                                <a href="{{ url('delete_user') }}/{{ $user->id }}"
                                    onclick="return confirm('Are you sure to delete this user?')"><i
                                        class="fa fa-trash text-danger"></i></a>
                            </td>
                        </tr>
                        @endforeach
                    </tbody>
                </table>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</body>

</html>

 

resources /views /view_user.blade.php

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="ie=edge">
    <title>Document</title>   <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/css/bootstrap.min.css" integrity="sha384-Gn5384xqQ1aoWXA+058RXPxPg6fy4IWvTNh0E263XmFcJlSAwiGgFAW/dAiS6JXm" crossorigin="anonymous">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/font-awesome/6.0.0-beta2/css/all.min.css" integrity="sha512-YWzhKL2whUzgiheMoBFwW8CKV4qpHQAEuvilg9FAn5VJUDwKZZxkJNuGM4XkWuk94WCrrwslk8yWNGmY1EduTA==" crossorigin="anonymous" referrerpolicy="no-referrer" />
    <script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.2.1.slim.min.js" integrity="sha384-KJ3o2DKtIkvYIK3UENzmM7KCkRr/rE9/Qpg6aAZGJwFDMVNA/GpGFF93hXpG5KkN" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>   
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/popper.js/1.12.9/umd/popper.min.js" integrity="sha384-ApNbgh9B+Y1QKtv3Rn7W3mgPxhU9K/ScQsAP7hUibX39j7fakFPskvXusvfa0b4Q" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>  
 <script src="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/js/bootstrap.min.js" integrity="sha384-JZR6Spejh4U02d8jOt6vLEHfe/JQGiRRSQQxSfFWpi1MquVdAyjUar5+76PVCmYl" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>

<style>
    label{
        font-weight: 600;
    }
</style>
</head>
<body>
    <div class="d-flex justify-content-center p-2 m-2">
        <div class="card p-2 w-50">
            <div class="d-flex justify-content-between">
                <div class="">
                    <h3>User Profile</h3>
                </div>
                <div class="">
                    <a href="{{ url('edit_user') }}/{{ $user->id }}"><button class="btn btn-primary"><i class="fa fa-edit"></i> Edit</button></a>
                </div>
            </div>
            <hr class="my-1 mb-2">
            <div class="row">
                <div class="col-4">
                    <div class="border p-1 text-center">
                        <img src="{{ asset('user.png') }}" alt="user image" width="120">
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div class="col-8">
                    <h6>General Information</h6>
                    <hr class="my-1">
                    <div class="d-flex justify-content-between">
                        <label class="">Name :</label>
                        <span class="text-primary">{{ $user->name }}</span>
                    </div>
                    <div class="d-flex justify-content-between">
                        <label class="">Email Id :</label>
                        <span class="text-primary">{{ $user->email }}</span>
                    </div>
                    <div class="d-flex justify-content-between">
                        <label class="">Password :</label>
                        <span class="text-primary">{{ $user->password }}</span>
                    </div>
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</body>
</html> 

 

resources /views /edit_user.blade.php

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>

    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="ie=edge">
    <title>Document</title>   <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/css/bootstrap.min.css" integrity="sha384-Gn5384xqQ1aoWXA+058RXPxPg6fy4IWvTNh0E263XmFcJlSAwiGgFAW/dAiS6JXm" crossorigin="anonymous">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/font-awesome/6.0.0-beta2/css/all.min.css" integrity="sha512-YWzhKL2whUzgiheMoBFwW8CKV4qpHQAEuvilg9FAn5VJUDwKZZxkJNuGM4XkWuk94WCrrwslk8yWNGmY1EduTA==" crossorigin="anonymous" referrerpolicy="no-referrer" />
    <script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.2.1.slim.min.js" integrity="sha384-KJ3o2DKtIkvYIK3UENzmM7KCkRr/rE9/Qpg6aAZGJwFDMVNA/GpGFF93hXpG5KkN" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>   <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/popper.js/1.12.9/umd/popper.min.js" integrity="sha384-ApNbgh9B+Y1QKtv3Rn7W3mgPxhU9K/ScQsAP7hUibX39j7fakFPskvXusvfa0b4Q" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>   <script src="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/js/bootstrap.min.js" integrity="sha384-JZR6Spejh4U02d8jOt6vLEHfe/JQGiRRSQQxSfFWpi1MquVdAyjUar5+76PVCmYl" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>

    <style>
        label {
            font-weight: 600;
        }
    </style>
</head>

<body>
    <div class="d-flex justify-content-center p-2 m-2">
        <div class="card p-2 w-50">

            <div class="d-flex justify-content-between">
                <div class="">
                    <h3>Edit User</h3>
                </div>
                <div class="">
                    <a href="{{ url('users_list') }}"><button class="btn btn-primary"><i class="fa fa-list"></i> User
                            List</button></a>
                </div>
            </div>
            <hr class="my-1">
            <form action="{{ url('update_user') }}" method="post">
                @csrf
                <div class="row">
                    <div class="col">
                        <label for="">Name</label>
                        <input type="text" name="name" class="form-control" value="{{ $user->name }}"
                            placeholder="Enter name here..">
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div class="row">
                    <div class="col">
                        <label for="">Email Id</label>
                        <input type="email" name="email" class="form-control" value="{{ $user->email }}"
                            placeholder="Enter email here..">
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div class="row">
                    <div class="col">
                        <label for="">Passowrd</label>
                        <input type="password" name="password" value="{{ $user->name }}" class="form-control"
                            placeholder="Enter passowrd here..">
                    </div>
                </div>
                <input type="hidden" name="id" value="{{ $user->id }}">
                <div class="my-2">
                    <button type="submit" class="btn btn-success w-100">Update</button>
                </div>
            </form>
        </div>
    </div>
</body>

</html>

 

Step 3 – Make Controller

Now create new controller with name like UsersController.php .

To create controller simply run this command.

php artisan make:controller UsersController

 

app \Http \Controllers \UsersController.php

<?php
namespace App\Http\Controllers;
use App\Models\User;
use Illuminate\Http\Request;

class UsersController extends Controller
{
    function create_user(){
        return view('create_user');
    }
    function create_user_data(Request $request){
           DB::table('users')->insert($request->all());
        $msg = "New User Created successful! ";
        return redirect('users_list')->with('msg', $msg);
    }
    function users_list(){
        $users = DB::table('users')->get();
        return view('list_user', compact('users'));
    }
    function view_user($id){
         $user = DB::table('users')->where('id', $id)->first();
        return view('view_user', compact('user'));
    }
    function edit_user($id){
        $user = DB::table('users')->where('id', $id)->first();
        return view('edit_user', compact('user'));
    }
    function update_user(Request $request){
        $update = [
            "name"=>$request->name,
            "email"=>$request->email,
            "password"=>$request->password,
        ];
        DB::table('users')->where('id', $request->id)->update($update);
        $msg = "User Updated successful! ";
        return redirect('users_list')->with('msg', $msg);
    }
    function delete_user($id){
        DB::table('users')->where('id', $id)->delete();
        $msg = "User Deleted successful! ";
        return redirect('users_list')->with('msg', $msg);
    }
} 

 

Step 4 – Create Routes

Now Create routes for crud operation in routes/web.php

 

routes/web.php

<?php
use App\Http\Controllers\UsersController;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Route;
/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Web Routes
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
*/
Route::get('create_user', [UsersController::class, 'create_user']);
Route::post('create_user_data', [UsersController::class, 'create_user_data']);
Route::get('users_list', [UsersController::class, 'users_list']);
Route::get('edit_user/{id}', [UsersController::class, 'edit_user']);
Route::post('update_user', [UsersController::class, 'update_user']);
Route::get('view_user/{id}', [UsersController::class, 'view_user']);
Route::get('delete_user/{id}', [UsersController::class, 'delete_user']);

 

Result-

http://127.0.0.1:8000/create_user

 

http://127.0.0.1:8000/users_list

http://127.0.0.1:8000/view_user/1

 

http://127.0.0.1:8000/edit_user/1

 

After edit Profile

 

Delete user

 

After deleted sumit user